AU and EU meet to discuss shared challenges for the future

The European Union and the African Union have built a partnership that continues to grow stronger and deeper. This relationship is based upon these frameworks: the Joint Africa-EU Strategy and the Cotonou Agreement. The implementation of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy follows a Roadmap (2014-2017) that divides it into five areas: Peace and security Democracy, good…

Ethiopia’s Contribution to Global and African Peacekeeping Operations

Ethiopia has a long history of participation in United Nations (UN) peace operations dating back to the 1950s. Ethiopia is one of the founding members of the UN and of the Organization of the African Unity (OAU), which is now called the African Union (AU) and is headquartered in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The capital of…

UNIFIL and the difficult political process in Lebanon

The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) is one of the longest peacekeeping missions in place, in a country facing internal difficulties related to its political system. It is also one of the rare “traditional” peacekeeping operations, almost purely military affair led by its Force Comander Major-General Luciano Portolano (Italy), whereas most other UN operations…

The UN and International Law

The promotion and development of the rule of law at the national and international levels is at the heart of the United Nations mission. Furthermore, the Charter of the United Nations, in its Preamble, sets the objective “to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law…

Liberia – UNMIL, Toward the completion of the security transition

Background: The Liberian struggle started in 1989 and since then it has encompassed two civil wars. The first Liberian civil war took place between 1989 and 1996. During this civil war Charles Taylor entered the country with a hand-full of well-trained Libyan troops and fought to overthrow President  Samuel Doe who allegedly created divisions among…

Experts’ Opinion: The Role of Women in Peace and Security

  This month, a selection of experts answered three questions on the role of women in peace and security: What was a major advancement for the role of women in peace and security processes? What are the main obstacles to the integration of women in peace and security processes? How can the UN boost the role…

EU Contribution to UN Peacekeeping

Since 1948, when the UN deployed its first peacekeeping operations in the Middle East, there have been 70 other UN peacekeeping operations worldwide. Currently, the UN peacekeeping operations amount to 16, with 106,245 uniformed personnel in place. Since the first peacekeeping operations, nature of conflict evolved to be more robust and multifaceted. While the demands…

UN Security Council addresses sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers

            The issue of sexual abuse and exploitation by UN peacekeepers has always sparked a controversy on UN peace operations, had strongly impacted their credibility, and has recently gained more significance following the scandal of sexual abuses perpetrated by French UN peacekeepers in the Central African Republic (CAR) in the spring of 2014. In fact,…

EU-UN Partnership: Peace and Security Challenges for 2016

The partnership between the United Nations (UN) and the European Union (EU) is the most institutionalized channel of cooperation existing between the UN and a regional organization. The establishment of the UN-EU Steering Committee on Crisis Management in 2003 and the UN Liaison Office for Peace and Security in Brussels in 2011 notably paved the…

A citizen’s look into MONUSCO with Arsene Tungali

The Institute for Peace in Partnership had the opportunity of interviewing Arsene Tungali, a Congolese citizen living in Goma (DRC). Arsene is a local entrepreneur running an NGO, Rudi International and a business, Smart Service Sarl. In his book, Goma sous les feux du groupe rebelle M-23, Arsene gives the point of view of a…

China’s contribution to UN Peacekeeping

As it is written in the provisions of Article 17 of the Charter of the United Nations, the financing of UN Peacekeeping operations is the responsibility of all UN member states. The five permanent members of the Security Council, however, are required to pay a larger share to peacekeeping operations because of their responsibility towards…

UN in Africa: Secretary General Ban Ki Moon’s tour

UN Secretary General visited Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan from the 22nd to the 26th of February.   Burundi – UN efforts to resolve political crisis UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon arrived in Bujumbura, Burundi on February 22nd, to begin his multiple visits in African countries. During his visit, Mr. Ban…